Created in 1840, Benton County, located in the northwestern element of Indiana, is amongst the nation’s largest counties

Created in 1840, Benton County, located in the northwestern element of Indiana, is amongst the nation’s largest counties

“The fresh new Nigger Hill” Exodus and Conflict Told by Local Historian” (Undated newspaper post; possess an enthusiastic Editor’s Note- “This papers is actually see because of the George Pence ahead of a joint meeting of your own Bartholomew Condition Historic Society together with Household Literary Bar held in his honor within Procurer Playground, July 30 1927.”)

“Very early Details of African Us americans within the Bartholomew County, Indiana.” [Any of these material copied to own Bartholomew County EAASHI opportunity files, June 2014]

Robbins, Coy D. “Black colored Agreements within the Indiana Connected to the fresh African Methodist Episcopal Church 1840-1845,” since blogged regarding African Methodist Episcopal Church Journal, George Hogarth, ed. (Amassed out of Minutes, Indiana Annual Meeting, African Methodist Chapel, 1840-1845.)

They boasted of getting the finest and you can significantly fertile prairie belongings (VanNatta). With regards to the very early censuses, there had been zero African People in america residing in Benton County out of 1840 courtesy 1870. Into the 1880, there were 6 some one, all the single folks from Kentucky, Indiana and you may Illinois, whoever surnames was in fact Corington, Curtes, Shelby and you can Wheat. It spent some time working since the farm laborers, housekeepers and you can barbers. Audrey Werle’s research to the African Us citizens provided no data to own Benton County, and there was zero proof an outlying settlement or neighborhood out-of African People in america.


Audrey C. Werle “Research Notes to your Indiana Dark colored Record,” Meters 792, William Henry Smith Art gallery Library, Indiana Historical People, Indianapolis, Indiana

The brand new 19th century Dark colored inhabitants in Blackford State try minimal. Into the 1840 the fresh new federal census expressed a maximum of thirteen 100 % free folks of color residing in the fresh condition delivered the following: Washington Township, people 2; Licking Township, inhabitants 1; and you may Harrison Township, populace ten. The brand new 10 anyone into the Harrison Township lived in just one domestic oriented because of the Jefferson Mountain. The household included 2 guys below ten; step three males ten so you can 23; step one men thirty-six-52; 2 female 10 to help you 23; step 1 feminine 24 to help you 35; and you will step 1 female 55 so you can 99.

Inside 1850 the overall black inhabitants regarding the county decrease so you can 11 that have 7 some body remaining in Licking Township and five some one remaining in Harrison Township. The newest Jefferson Hill family try gone out-of Blackford State. It might are available they relocated east along the county line in order to neighboring Jay State, Penn Township. From the 1850 Jefferson Slope, good Virginia native was an effective 56-year-dated farmer. All of those other domestic included Delilah Hill, ages albanian mail order brides cost 40, produced in the Ohio, about three Mountain youngsters created within the Indiana (Henderson, many years nine; Eliza, years six; and you can Lydia, age step 3). One other members of your family was in fact Sally Mountain, age 24, created into the Virginia; James Hill, years 19, created when you look at the Ohio; and you will Sibba Slope, decades 83, produced inside the Virginia.

Jefferson Slope was still farming, and you may Sibby (Sibba) Slope had been alive at 102! This was on the good twenty-year decades variation on earlier census.

From inside the 1870 you can find a total of 14 African Us americans inside Blackford State all of the staying in Slurping Township. Audrey Werle’s 1870 Index out-of Minds off Domiciles lists the following names: Larenzo Brooks, a 34 year old hairdresser; Environmentally friendly Rodgers, 34; and you can James Age. Frazier, thirty six, aforementioned a few who work with the fresh railway.

In the 1860 this new Mountain members of the family was still residing Penn Township, Jay County, inside the a somewhat some other setup

On the coming ages, you will find evidence of racial isolation regarding condition. First, in the 1920s this new Ku klux Klan based a strong exposure about condition. Disguised and robed participants took part in highest social rallies. Next, abreast of the fresh 1940 loss of new well respected executive and you can chief professional in the an excellent corrugated report company, George Stevens, people away from Hartford Urban area was basically “numb having shock” to find out that the fresh new respected person in its people was not white.

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